Orange

Info

State: New South Wales
Latitude: 34 ° 29 S
Rain in growing season: 440 mm
Mid January temperature: 19.9 ° C
Harvest time: March to May
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay & Sauvignon Blanc
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon

Climate

The climate depends on the altitude. In a radius of 60 km around the town of Orange, the climate can vary from very hot to quite heavy in the mountain area at Mount Conobolas. The high ultraviolet radiation helps the ripening process well. The wind can be both friend and foe by helping to chase away night frosts, but it also negatively affects the weaker varieties of wine.

Soil & Topography

The bottom of Orange can be divided into 4 groups; good moisture-permeable and crumbly, red-brown clay, yellow-brown clay and finally limestone. The area is characterized by a friendly, hilly landscape.

Margareth River

Info

State: Western Australia
Latitude: 33 ° 57 S
Rain in growing season: 200 mm
Mid January temperature: 20.4 ° C
Harvest time: Late February to mid April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc & Semillon
Wine varieties red: Cabernet Sauvignon & Shiraz

Climate

The Margaret River’s climate is more heavily influenced by the sea than any other region in Australia. This region has the lowest average annual temperature range, of only 7.6 ºC, the climate in this region most resembles the Mediterranean climate, given the rainfall, between October and April only 200mm of the total 1160mm of rain falls. The low day and seasonal temperatures create an unusual build-up of heat. Overall, the climate (in terms of heat) resembles that of Bordeaux in a dry wine year.

Soil & Topography

Margaret River’s landscape varies constantly, given its character through the small curves and gentle valleys, as well as the abundance of natural tree growth, shrubs and flowers. The main function of these trees is to protect the sea breeze. The bottom is mainly pebble or stony sand loam, formed directly by the underlying granite. When damp, the soils are particularly permeable, but the moisture quickly drains from the sloping terrain, the capacity for retaining the water is generally low.

Gundagai Region

Info

State: New South Wales
Latitude: 35 ° 07 SB
Rain in growing season: 240 mm
Mid January temperature: 24 ° C
Harvest time: Late February to late March
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay
Wine varieties red: Shiraz & Cabernet Sauvignon

Climate

The climate of the Gundagai Region is characterized by a strong continental climate, with warm days and cool nights, a remarkably high average temperature in January between much cooler spring and autumn weather conditions. Taking the area climate into account, the Gundagai Region is capable of producing a diverse variety of wine styles just like any other region in Australia.

Soil & Topography

The soil types mainly consist of red soil, less often areas of reddish brown soil occur.

Barossa Valley

Info

State: South Australia
Latitude: 34 ° 29 S
Rain in growing season: 160 mm
Mid January temperature: 21.4 ° C
Harvest time: Late February to late April
Wine varieties white: Semillon, Chardonnay & Riesling
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon & Merlot

Climate

The climate in the Barossa Valley is characterized by a lot of heat and drought, with low relative humidity and precipitation in the growing season. This region has a rural nature, with cool to cold nights and hot summer temperatures during the day. The long hours of sunshine a day and the biological effect of the temperature are (surprisingly) a little warmer than those of Bordeaux and the Margaret River region. The grapes are harvested from late February to late April.

Soil & Topography

The topography of the Barossa Valley is characterized by an intricate system of transverse sub-valleys and winding hills, resulting in many different slopes, locations and terrains. The soils in the Barossa Valley vary widely, but fall under a relatively low fertile clay-loam, extending to more sandy soils ranging from gray-brown to red. As is common in South East Australia, the subsoil contains increased acidity, with limited root growth and energy.

Victoria Pyrenees

Info

State: Victoria
Latitude: 37 ° 09 S
Rain in growing season: 220 mm
Mid January temperature: 20.9 ° C
Harvest time: Late February to late April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc & Sparkling
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon & Merlot

limate

It is a real continental climate. There is a certain height (220-375 mt). This results in relatively wet springs and early summers. Temperatures are average later in the summer. A challenge for the region is the few regulation drops during the growing season and the absence of much groundwater. Nevertheless, efforts are being made to meet these challenges.

Soil & Topography

There is a mix of gray-brown sandy soil combined with brown sandy soil. The substrate can be acidic. This, combined with the climate, results in average grape growth.

Tumbarumba

Info

State: South Australia
Latitude: 4 ° 14 S
Rain in growing season: 180 mm
Mid January temperature: 21.7 ° C
Harvest time: Mid February to late April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay, Chardonnay & Sauvignon Blanc
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon & Grenache

Climate

The climate depends on the altitude. In a radius of 60 km around the town of Orange, the climate can vary from very hot to quite cold in the mountain area near Mount Conobolas. The high ultraviolet radiation helps the ripening process well. The wind can be both friend and foe by helping to chase away night frosts, but it also negatively affects the weaker varieties of wine.

Soil & Topography

Typical Australian red loam soil.

Tasmanië


State: New South Wales
Latitude: 34 ° 29 S
Rain in growing season: 440 mm
Mid January temperature: 19.9 ° C
Harvest time: March to May
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay & Sauvignon Blanc
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon

Climate

The climate depends on the altitude. In a radius of 60 km around the town of Orange, the climate can vary from very hot to quite heavy in the mountain area at Mount Conobolas. The high ultraviolet radiation helps the ripening process well. The wind can be both friend and foe by helping to chase away night frosts, but it also negatively affects the weaker varieties of wine.

Soil & Topography

The bottom of Orange can be divided into 4 groups; good moisture-permeable and crumbly, red-brown clay, yellow-brown clay and finally limestone. The area is characterized by a friendly, hilly landscape.

Mornington Peninsula

Info

State: Mornington Peninsula
Latitude: 38 ° 20 S
Rain in growing season: 386 mm
Mid January temperature: 18.8 ° C
Harvest time: Late March to late June
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay & Pinot Gris
Wine varieties red: Pinot Noir & Shiraz

Climate

Mornington Peninsula is characterized by the strong maritime, cool climate. The sea is very important for shaping the overall climate, even in the center of the peninsula. The wind blows from the north and west or from the south and east, usually in this part of the world, the wind does come from somewhere. It is not disputable that it is a cool climate, but to find out exactly how cool it is differs very much from where it is measured. Relative humidity is high, hours of sunshine abound, and rainfall enough during winter and spring.

Soil & Topography

As for the soil in Mornington Peninsula, the main soil types are mainly the yellowish-brown and brown soils: crumbly, well-drained clay.

McLaren Vale

Info

State: South Australia
Latitude: 4 ° 14 S
Rain in growing season: 180 mm
Mid January temperature: 21.7 ° C
Harvest time: Mid February to late April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay, Chardonnay & Sauvignon Blanc
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon & Grenache

climate

The McLaren Vale is characterized by a significant meso-climatic variation, due to different exposure to cold influences from the nearby ocean. There are also notable height changes in the McLaren Vale. Summer rainfall is low making irrigation considered essential for young vines. The location selection and variety are of great importance.

Soil & Topography

The McLaren Vale has a wide range of soil types, although red-brown loamy sand predominates. The other common soil types are: gray-brown loamy sand with yellow clay surfaces and a more sandy version of this, finally there is black-red friable loam.

Hunter Valley

Info

State: New South Wales
Latitude: 32 ° 33 S
Rain in growing season: 527 mm
Mid January temperature: 23.1 ° C
Harvest time: Late February to late April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay & Semillon
Wine varieties red: Shiraz

Climate

The region’s warm and humid climate is unique in Australian wine, leading to unique wine styles such as long-lived Semillon and earthy Shiraz. This region produces unique Australian white wines that keep getting better with age! The region is known as Australia’s oldest wine region with a warm and humid climate.

Soil & Topography

Typical Australian red loam soil.

Frankland River

Info

State: Western Australia
Latitude: 35 ° 0 S
Rain in growing season: 360 mm
Mid January temperature: 20.2 ° C
Harvest time: Mid March to late April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc & Riesling
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon & Merlot


The most northerly, inland subregion of Great Southern, Mediterranean when it comes to rainfall in winter and spring, as well as continental, benefiting (in particular) Riesling, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon. A unique feature is the sea breeze making its way inland in the late afternoon, bringing the temperature down by 2ºC. The total rainfall decreases from west to east, because of the salinity in both the soil and the surface water makes irrigation very difficult. The answer to these difficulties is a complex and extensive system with very long channels and discharge, with long-range dams and pumps.

Soil & Topography

The Frankland River topography is characterized by its general openness with gentle hilly landscape as a catchment area for the Frankland, Gordon, Kent and Toon rivers. The soils are mainly derived from granite, usually with a rich red color with equal depth.

Canberra District

Info

State: New South Wales
Latitude: 35 ° 0 S
Rain in growing season: 360 mm
Mid January temperature: 20.2 ° C
Harvest time: Mid March to late April
Wine varieties white: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc & Riesling
Wine varieties red: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon & Merlot

Climate

The region is part of the Southern Tablelands, approximately 150 kilometers inland from the Pacific. The region receives moderate, but variable rainfall and vineyards require additional irrigation in most vintages. Typical vineyard heights range between 500 and 900 meters (1,600 and 3,000 feet), and the inland location results in a relatively high continentality, possibly explaining the affinity for the leading varieties like Shiraz and Riesling.

Soil & Topography

The soils mainly fit into the hard red group, with brown clay loam from soils that are usually shallow. The surface is not very water-retaining, so irrigation is important.